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  Stop the Kratom Ban by Corrupt Officials!

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2018-02-20 20:29:24
Last Update: 2018-02-20 20:31:57
Views: 3
Score: (not yet rated)
 
On 31 August 2016 the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) announced its intention to place the active materials in the Kratom plant into Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act in order to avoid an imminent hazard to public safety. According to the DEA press release \\\"Kratom is abused for its ability to produce opioid-like effects and is often marketed as a legal alternative to controlled substances. Law enforcement nationwide has seized more Kratom in the first half of 2016 than any previous year and easily accounts for millions of dosages intended for the recreational market, according to DEA findings. In addition, Kratom has a high potential for abuse, has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and has a lack of accepted safety for use under medical supervision. These three factors constitute a Schedule I controlled substance according to the Controlled Substances Act passed by Congress in 1970.

Schedule I drugs, substances, or chemicals are defined as drugs with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse. This is not true for Kratom, it has been shown numerous times in reports from users to help recovering Opiate addicts, treat pain, combat depression and anxiety, and much more. Deaths that involve Kratom being a persons\\\' system have always been from the result of mixing Kratom with other drugs, rather than Kratom alone. In states that banned Kratom, Alabama specifically, opiate usage and deaths went up after Kratom was banned in the state. Please stop the DEA from scheduling Kratom as Schedule I, there are many people who will suffer from this.

What is Kratom?
Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) refers to the leaves of a South East Asian tree closely related to the coffee plant. Like coffee, it has stimulating effects. In large doses, Kratom acts as a sedative and supports the body’s ability to deal with everyday minor aches and pains. It has been used for medicinal purpose in traditional South Eastern medicine for several hundred years.

Mitragyna speciosa has been used by manual laborers to provide energy, positive mood, and to help mitigate everyday aches and pains of the back breaking manual labor associated with agriculture in rural Southeast Asia. It has also been used as an anti-diarrheal against dysentery in the regions that it is native. Here in the U.S., it is primarily used for its mild stimulant effects similar to coffee that promotes a positive and energized state of well being. It is also an important medicinal herb that helps to relax the body and ease life’s every day minor aches and pains.

Kratom has many benefits for those who use it responsibly including beneficial effects on supporting positive mood, energy, immune function, and assisting those who experience various minor aches and pains.

Kratom is remarkably safe when used in a responsible manner. According to the CDC, cigarette smoking causes 440,000 deaths in the United States every year; about one of every five deaths in this country are caused by cigarettes. Alcohol causes more than 1.2 million emergency room visits and 2.7 million physician office visits due to excessive drinking each year. Pharmaceutical drugs are one of the leading causes of death in this country, killing one American every 19 minutes. Prescription opiate pain killers account for more than 475,000 emergency room visits annually. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as Tylenol send over 56,000 people to the emergency room each year with liver-related complications. Between 2011 and 2014, over 11,000 reports were made to Poison Control centers on energy drinks alone. Kratom has never caused a single recorded death and as is about as habit-forming as coffee.

New users are trying Kratom every day after hearing about successful experiences with this plant from friends or stories posted online.
In small amounts, Kratom is energizing like a cup of coffee or tea. Most people that use Kratom say that it gives them an uplifting feeling to their mood and cognitive state. Kratom can also give the feeling of a sense of deep contentment and well-being. In larg doses, Kratom can give the user euphoric feelings. This is likely the result of the mitragynine alkaloid which has been found to offer anti-depressant like qualities. Kratom has also been called an intense focus booster. There are reviews from some users who say it improved ADD/ADHD symptoms, making their thoughts clear and making it easier to concentrate. While supporting a positive mood, Kratom can also calm you down and help rid your mind of stressful thoughts. Kratom is also reported to reduce feelings of nervousness and help ease both physical and mental exhaustion.

Mitragyna Speciosa has been used by many as an effective alternative to prescription pain-killers. Kratom acts similarly to morphine to relieve temporary or chronic pain. Kratom has been reported to relieve conditions from headaches/migraines, muscle pain and soreness as well as chronic pain that has been resistant to prescription medications. Kratom is viewed by some as a much safer and less addictive treatment than some of the addictive medications currently being prescribed.

Another effect of Kratom is its ability to improve the quality of sleep. Kratom helps to turn off your mind before going to bed and put you into a restful state making it easier to fall asleep and wake feeling more refreshed and ready to take on your day. It has also been reported that Kratom usage can enhance your social experiences rid the mind of the anxieties associated with social interaction.

One of the most important uses for Kratom is to ease the effects associated with opiate withdrawal. Kratom is said to offer serious assistance in reducing the effects of withdrawal and reduce the cravings for opiates.

Come join us to show your support for Kratom and its positive uses. For more information please contact us @ info@KratomMarchDC.com.

×
*THE PUBLIC HAS TO ENGAGE THE DEA* Call (202) 307-1000
ENGAGE THE DEA Call (202) 307-1000
The DEA is Not Following the Letter and Spirit of Law. We Need to Stop the Temporary Scheduling Order and Replace It With a Standard Public Comment Period and Process Including Other Federal Agencies That Have Already Studied Kratom and Recommended More Research

Inform the DEA that you would like to continue to take this herbal supplement as a part of your healthy life style. Tell them how your life will be worse if #Kratom is made illegal

*Also Call your Senators & Congressman and Ask for Their Support*

Call Your 2 State Senators to Confirm They are Supporting The Hatch Dear Colleague Letter That Ask\\\'s The DEA to Delay The Kratom Scheduling Order Call (202) 224-3121 Option #1 and Enter Your Zip Code Search For Your Rep @ www.senate.gov/index.htm
Call Your Congressman to Confirm They are Supporting The Pocan/Salmon Dear Colleague letter That Also Ask the DEA to Delay the Ban on Kratom Call (202) 224-3121 and press option #2. Enter your zip code. Search For Your Rep @ www.house.gov
If Kratom Stays Legal It Will Be Because of You #IamKratom

     
  Norway is dominating these Winter Olympics

Submitter: Limitless
Category: News / Articles - Sports
Submission Date: 2018-02-19 21:00:14
Views: 38
Score: (not yet rated)
 
MEDALS BY COUNTRY (Currently)
Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
Norway 11 9 8 28
Germany 10 6 4 20
Canada 7 5 6 18
Netherlands 6 5 2 13
United States of America 5 3 3 11
France 4 3 4 11
Sweden 4 3 0 7
Austria 4 2 4 10
South Korea 3 2 2 7
Japan 2 5 3 10
Switzerland 2 4 1 7
Italy 2 1 3 6
Czech Republic 1 2 3 6
Slovakia 1 2 0 3
Belarus 1 1 0 2
Great Britain 1 0 3 4
Poland 1 0 1 2
Ukraine 1 0 0 1
China 0 5 2 7
Olympic Athletes from Russia 0 3 8 11
Australia 0 2 1 3
Slovenia 0 1 0 1
Finland 0 0 3 3
Spain 0 0 2 2
Latvia 0 0 1 1
Kazakhstan 0 0 1 1
Liechtenstein 0 0 1 1


Norway is dominating these Winter Olympics with a unique approach to sports

Dan Wolken, USA TODAY Sports
24 seconds ago
PYEONGCHANG, South Korea — They’re not here to gloat. The Norwegians, in fact, will go out of their way to tell you that there’s still a long way to go at these Olympics before they reach their goals and win the overall medal count. They’re also not here to tell anyone (like the struggling U.S. team; cough, cough) how to go about their business or impose their Norwegian societal values, which they believe are directly tied into the success of their winter sports development.


“We’re not a gorilla beating its chest,” said Tore Ovrebo, the Norwegian Olympic Committee’s director of elite sports. “We know it can change very quickly. We have to work hard.”

     
  Ripple Coinbase listing Rumor

Submitter: Limitless
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Business / Finance
Submission Date: 2018-02-17 23:51:49
Views: 7
Score: (not yet rated)
 

     
  Earning Free Interest on Your XLM (Lumens)

Submitter: Limitless
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Business / Finance
Submission Date: 2018-02-13 04:38:32
Last Update: 2018-02-13 07:01:54
Views: 16
Score: (not yet rated)
 
What is inflation
The Stellar network has a build-in inflation mechanism which distributes new lumens at a rate of 1% per year. The new coins are added to the network weekly, so each week around 0.0191% of the total current amount of XLM is distributed on the network.
Who gets inflation

The inflation lumens are distributed using a voting mechanism. Any account that gets over 0.05% of the votes, gets a share of the new lumens. The number of votes you have is equal to your balance. So if you have 500XLM you have 500 votes. You can vote for any account you like, but remember, only accounts with more than 0.05% of the votes get their share. That means that an account needs at least 51.8 million votes to get inflation lumens.
Why use a pool

You cannot get a share of the inflation lumens if you posses less than 51.8 million XLM. But we can work together in a pool. If you vote for MoonPool or Lumenauts, they will get a part of the inflation lumens, and pay you back based on your number of votes. The payout is done automatically as soon as we got our share of the inflation lumens, and also your votes are recorded automatically.

How to vote
Voting is done by setting a certain option in your account, called the inflation destination. The value is the account ID you vote for. This account information is public on the network, and they periodically record all account IDs that vote for their pool, together with their balance. The balance is used to calculate the amount of lumens you get when an inflation operation is run on the network, and this amount will be paid to the corresponding account ID.


To join the Lumenaut Community Pool, vote for their inflation destination address:

GCCD6AJOYZCUAQLX32ZJF2MKFFAUJ53PVCFQI3RHWKL3V47QYE2BNAUT

You cannot earn inflation on an exchange (and you should not use exchanges as wallets). Use a Ledger Nano S or create a paper wallet to store your lumens first.

If you have 1,000 Lumens, weekly payout should be about 1,000*0.0019; with comes out to 1.91 lumens.
If you have 2,000 as your balance for the week, you should earn about 3.82 in a week just from setting an inflation address in your wallet.
A balance of 10,000 would earn you 19.1 lumens per week and increasing as the balance gets bigger.

     
  Binance - Cryptocurrency Exchange

Submitter: Limitless
Category: News / Articles - Business / Economy
Submission Date: 2018-02-11 10:18:23
Last Update: 2018-02-13 05:00:50
Views: 21
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Binance is an up and coming cryptocurrency exchange with a focus on crypto-to-crypto trading. The platform has started to gain popularity in the blockchain community thanks to its impressive coin offerings and insanely low trading fees.

In this Binance review, I’ll be going over:

Key Information
How It Works
Trading Fees
Available Cryptocurrencies
Transfer Limits
Company Trust
Fund Security
Customer Support
Conclusion

Binance Key Information
Key Information
Site Type Cryptocurrency Exchange
Beginner Friendly
Mobile App
Company Location Shibuya-ku, Tokyo
Company Launch 2017
Deposit Methods Cryptocurrency
Withdrawal Methods Cryptocurrency
Available Cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, +45 more coins
Community Trust Great
Security Average
Fees Extremely low
Customer Support Good

Available Cryptocurrencies

Binance has a vast selection of coins with pairings to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Tether. Some of the available coins are:

Ark
Bitcoin
Bitcoin Cash
Bitcoin Gold
Dash
EOS
Ethereum
Ethereum Classic
IOTA (Binance is one of only two major exchanges where you can buy IOTA)
Litecoin
Neo
OmiseGo
+36 more coins

Many investors like Binance because they offer coins that often aren’t listed on other exchanges such as Bitcoin Gold, IOTA, and Walton Coin.
Transfer Limits

Binance is strictly a cryptocurrency exchange, so you’re not able to fund your account with fiat currency.

You can only deposit cryptocurrency funds, but there’s no limit on the amount that you can deposit. There are also no fees on any of your deposits.

The amount that you can withdraw each day is determined by your verification tier. Without submitting any verification details, you’re placed at Level 1 and can withdraw up to 2 BTC worth of cryptocurrency a day.

To be classified as Level 2, you need to enable either two-factor authentication or Google Authenticator. Following that, you need to provide:

First name
Last name
Gender
Country
Passport ID
Passport photo
Selfie with passport

With Level 2 verification, your daily withdrawal limit increases to 100 BTC. Although personally I've never felt a need to go beyond level 1 verification, since the withdrawal limit is still plenty. The fee for withdrawing xlm is only .01 for example, so very cheap trading fees and withdrawal.

     
  Marijuana Risks vs Benefits for Seizure Treaatment

Submitter: Limitless
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Health / Medical
Submission Date: 2018-02-11 03:22:56
Views: 16
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Cannabinoids are inherently neuroprotective substances—in fact, our brain produces its own cannabinoids when injured to reduce damage and promote healing. Cannabinoids have a superior safety profile compared to most anti-epileptic drugs, many of which have been shown to impair brain function and development.

     
  Cryptocurrency Market Capitalizations

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Business / Finance
Submission Date: 2018-01-23 04:38:22
Last Update: 2018-01-23 04:48:49
Views: 31
Score: (not yet rated)
 
View Cryptocurrency Ranking Data, Charts and other important information for potential investors.

     
  Aevrum

Submitter: Nicholai
Category: Online Content - Web Games / Interactive
Submission Date: 2017-12-12 22:19:06
Views: 49
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Join the fight for freedom!

     
  Christ's Curch

Submitter: LimitlessNexus
Category: News / Articles - People / Celebrities
Submission Date: 2017-11-26 11:47:45
Views: 40
Score: (not yet rated)
 

     
  US police killings undercounted by half study

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2017-10-21 04:02:22
Views: 68
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Over half of all police killings in 2015 were wrongly classified as not having been the result of interactions with officers, a new Harvard study based on Guardian data has found.

The finding is just the latest to show government databases seriously undercounting the number of people killed by police.

“Right now the data quality is bad and unacceptable,” said lead researcher Justin Feldman. “To effectively address the problem of law enforcement-related deaths, the public needs better data about who is being killed, where, and under what circumstances.”

Young black men again faced highest rate of US police killings in 2016
The Counted project points to continuing racial disparities, with black males aged 15-34 nine times more likely than other Americans to be killed
Read more
Feldman used data from the Guardian’s 2015 investigation into police killings, The Counted, and compared it with data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS). That dataset, which is kept by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), was found to have misclassified 55.2% of all police killings, with the errors occurring disproportionately in low-income jurisdictions.

“As with any public health outcome or exposure, the only way to understand the magnitude of the problem, and whether it is getting better or worse, requires that data be uniformly, validly, and reliably obtained throughout the US,” said Nancy Krieger, professor of social epidemiology at Harvard’s Chan School of Public Health and senior author of the study. “Our results show our country is falling short of accurately monitoring deaths due to law enforcement and work is needed to remedy this problem.”

     
  Moringa Teas

Submitter: Nicholai
Category: News / Articles - Health / Medical
Submission Date: 2017-09-19 18:25:17
Views: 68
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Moringa Herbs teas fight cancer, aging and disease.

     
  Corazon caring

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Health / Medical
Submission Date: 2017-08-20 14:22:56
Views: 116
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Health ,medical,transportation,laundry,nursing services

     
  SpoonSpoon

Submitter: Nicholai
Category: Downloads - Games
Submission Date: 2017-08-02 14:58:47
Views: 115
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Best PC original PC games made in Florida

     
  Gordon Dentistry

Submitter: Limitless
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Health / Medical
Submission Date: 2017-03-20 08:31:22
Last Update: 2017-03-20 08:33:54
Views: 220
Score: (not yet rated)
 
o
5 stars Dennis P Customer since 2013

Very professional doctor and staff. Pleasant, warm and carrying professionals! My family are warmly received and cared for.

10 days ago
5 stars Roger G Customer since 2010

Great experience. Very thorough and considerate.

13 days ago
5 stars Linda J Verified customer

Painless, kind, wonderful care!

18 days ago
5 stars Anonymous Verified customer

Dr. Gordon & staff are always professional and polite. Dr. Gordon truly cares for her patients.

19 days ago
5 stars Sarah B Customer since 2016

I have never felt more cared for in any dentistry setting than I have with Dr. Gordon and her team, Her knowledge and compassion for the patient blended with her dental skills took away any fears of dental work.

25 days ago
5 stars Anonymous Verified customer

Great service and teamwork!

a month ago
5 stars Beverly O Verified customer

First visit. Nice people. Clean, nicely decorated office. Dr. Gordon was professional. Good experience.

a month ago
5 stars Robert L Customer since 2012

Very nice

a month ago

     
  Florida Resident Faces False Drug Charges

Submitter: Limitless
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2017-02-16 15:22:36
Views: 224
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Florida Resident Facing False Drug Charges & Possible Loss of Right to Bear Arms After Getting Mistakenly Arrested When Assault Victim.

     
  The Voice of Life

Submitter: Nicholai
Category: Online Content - Music
Submission Date: 2017-02-15 02:34:59
Last Update: 2017-02-15 02:36:55
Views: 270
Score: (not yet rated)
 
By Oksana Kolesnikova

     
  SeeRFloor.com

Submitter: Nicholai
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Arts / Crafts
Submission Date: 2017-01-24 19:27:53
Views: 265
Score: 5.00 / 5.00 (Based on 1 votes.)
 
Holiday Help For your Hardwood Floors

     
  PPARδ agonist GW501516 for enhancing running

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Health / Medical
Submission Date: 2017-01-24 01:00:29
Views: 283
Score: 5.00 / 5.00 (Based on 1 votes.)
 
A metabolomic study of the PPARδ agonist GW501516 for enhancing running endurance in Kunming mice
Wei Chen, Rong Gao[…]Lili Wang
Scientific Reports 5, Article number: 9884 (2015)
doi:10.1038/srep09884

Published online:
06 May 2015

Discussion

This study demonstrated that GW501516 increases exhaustive running performance and the proportion of SDH-positive muscle fibres in both trained and untrained mice. Slow-twitch myofibres are rich in mitochondria and have a high oxidative capacity. Formation of slow-twitch muscle fibres revolves around PGC-1α and its transcripts17,18. Like exercise, GW501516 alone is sufficient to improve running endurance of untrained mice, even after only 1 week of administration (Supplementary Fig. S1 online). Enhanced running endurance is the results of increased fatty acid utilization after PPARδ activation that upregulates PDK4 and other key components of fatty acid oxidation pathways. Accordingly, blood glucose levels of GW501516-treated mice were significantly higher after exercise while blood lactate was lower compared to untrained controls. Although GW501516 or exercise each enhanced fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle, GW501516 predominately induces fatty acid metabolism, while training also induced protein metabolism as an energy source.

Studies have demonstrated that GW501516 significantly increased the running performance of trained C57Bl/6J mice5, but not in untrained mice that were treated with 5 mg/kg over periods lasting 4 weeks to 5 months, or 3–30 mg/kg/day gavaged for 2 months5. Our study found that GW501516 increased running performance in KM mice regardless of training and the magnitude of improvement was unexpectedly greater for untrained mice. This finding could be due to different GW501516 administration protocols, exhaustive running protocols, or strain differences. In this study, running performance was determined by wheel running rather than treadmill running because it is more natural for mice, which are specialized climbers, and better measures their natural running abilities. Additionally, studies have shown significant differences in aerobic capacity, treadmill performance, and exercise training responses between different inbred and hybrid rodent strains19,20. The running distance of untreated trained mice (TN) was relatively higher than that of GW501516-treated untrained mice (NG). The effects of wheel training and the skills acquired during the training period cannot be ignored, but are difficult to control for.

PPARδ is the principle isoform involved in regulating muscle fuel utilization. Previous studies demonstrated that changes in expression of genes regulated by PPARδ occurred after 3 days of GW501516 treatment5. We also found that expression of PGC1α, PDK4, and selective biomarkers for fatty acid β oxidation in skeletal muscle were significantly increased by GW501516 treatment. Both palmitic acid and the earlier intermediate in the fatty acid oxidation pathway, 3-hydroxy-hexadecanoic acid, were elevated compared to untrained control mice. However, why the downstream products of fatty acid oxidation were not found to be increased in the GW501516-treated group warrants further investigation. Additionally, GW17046 (another PPARδ agonist) treatment in ob/ob mice markedly reduced levels of saturated long chain fatty acids (15–24 carbon atoms) in untrained GW501516-treated (NG) mice compared to untreated untrained (NN) mice21. This result suggests that unlike exercise, GW501516 is limited to promoting hydrolysis of triglycerides and that the increased serum palmitic acid observed in GW501516-treated (NG) mice may be due to the catabolism of saturated fatty acids. In contrast, the decrease in serum saturated fatty acids was completely reversed when GW501516 treatment was combined with training. Presumably, this is because of enhanced fat metabolism. GW501516 also increased blood glucose and lowered blood lactate compared to control mice, particularly after running tests and in trained mice. This suggests that glycolysis in muscle tissue is reduced after treatment with GW501516, and becomes more apparent immediately after the exhaustive running (Fig. 1 and Supplementary Fig. S1 online). Consistent with this reduced glucose metabolism, increased serum galactose was also only observed after GW501516 treatment. Although glycolytic metabolism of galactose yields no net adenosine triphosphate (ATP), previous research demonstrated that galactose induces a metabolic shift towards a more oxidative phenotype and enhances aerobic mitochondrial metabolism in myotubes22.

PPARδ is intricately involved in enhanced running endurance. It mediates oxidative adaption following exercise training and increased expression in skeletal muscle was reported after both acute exercise and endurance training12,23,24. Similar to chemical activation of PPARδ, endurance training increases fatty acid metabolism in skeletal muscle and reduced lactate production during exercise25. Accordingly, the running distance of untreated trained (TN) mice is over 100% greater of that of untreated untrained (NN), blood glucose levels in the TN group are significantly higher and blood lactate levels are significantly lower than those measured in the NN group. Enhanced fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle was also observed by measuring elevated components of the fatty acid oxidation pathway including palmitic acid and octanoic acid. Caproic acid and butyric acid were not significantly different between groups in our assay, but the sensitivity to detect these metabolites may be insufficient. The underlying mechanism for PPARδ and PPARα activation to increase fatty acid oxidation in skeletal muscle is by upregulating components of the electron transport chain (CYT-C and UCP3) and CPT1b in the mitochondria. Serum inositol is also increased by training and may help increase endurance in trained mice. Inositol can help transport fat from the liver and improve the distribution of fat throughout the body, allowing it to be used more efficiently as an energy source. Our results further corroborate that exercise training promotes fat mobilization and fatty acid oxidation as energy substrates during running. Furthermore, this is likely mediated through exercised-induced PPARδ expression in a way that is similar to what was reported previously in human skeletal muscle following exercise training12.

One of the most striking differences between drug treatment and exercise was the increase of serum PUFA and hydroxybutyrate. Compared to training, GW501516 increased levels of UFA, especially PUFA, and they were further increased by the combination of GW501516 and training. This is in agreement with previous studies that showed increases of enzymes that produce UFA after treatment with a PPARδ agonist5,21. Our study demonstrated GW501516 increased levels of 3 PUFA (α-linolenic acid, arachidonic acid, and its precursor 8,  11,  14-Eicosatrienoic acid) regardless of exercise training. Previous studies have demonstrated that all long-chain fatty acids and their derivatives are putative PPAR ligands2,26,27. Endogenous fatty acids that have been shown to activate PPAR include PUFAs such as some ω-3 PUFA (e.g. α-linolenic acid and docosahexaenoic acid), some ω-6 PUFA (e.g. linoleic acid and arachidonic acid), and some saturated fatty acids (e.g. stearic acid)2,3,26,27. UFA and PUFA in particular, could act as activators of PPARδ after being increased by GW501516. Additionally they are sensed by the liver which then mobilizes fatty acids and stimulates hepatic fatty acid oxidation28. We observed hydroxybutyrate, the major constituent of ketone bodies, was significantly increased by GW501516, but not exercise. Leucine, a ketogenic amino acid, was also increased by GW501516 only. However, exercise did increase other BCAA. Increased hepatic synthesis of ketone bodies would be expected during increased release of fatty acids from fat stores and further suggests that GW501516 promotes hepatic fatty acid oxidation that can provide muscle with an alternative energy source during exercise. Ketone bodies are an important energy substrate under stress and hydroxybutyrate can freely enter muscle mitochondria and be metabolized to acetyl CoA.

The impacts of training or GW501516 treatment on essential amino acids were slightly different. The glycogenic amino acids that can be metabolized to form pyruvate (alanine, serine and threonine) were only significantly increased after training alone. This suggests more energy is utilized from pyruvate after training. Elevations in these amino acids were reversed by GW501516 treatment suggesting that GW501516 inhibits gluconeogenesis or the conversion of glycogenic amino acids into pyruvate that was induced by training. This indirectly suggests that GW501516-treated mice specifically rely on fatty acids as energy. Three BCAA (valine, leucine, and isoleucine) were increased by both GW501516 and training. Long-distance running involves mobilization of BCAA29 and many studies demonstrate that BCAA concentrations immediately after exercise are reduced in the serum, but not in muscle30. We found that training or GW501516 treatment, preserved serum BCAA levels after exhaustive running. As essential amino acids, BCAA are primarily metabolized in muscle and are important for protein synthesis, neurotransmitter synthesis, and repair of exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage31,32. Increased BCAA may both act as an energy source (Supplementary Fig. S3 online) and protect mitochondria from exercise-induced damage to preserve mitochondrial function. In addition, increased serum BCAA may reduce tryptophan uptake in the brain and delay fatigue by competitively inhibiting 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) synthesis31,32.

Metabolomic analyses are relatively new technology. It is limited by the complexity of techniques, high inter- and intra- subject variability, incomplete metabolite databases, and incomplete understanding of metabolic pathways. Although there are a total of 122 peaks measured in serum samples, only 43 peaks could be matched to known metabolites.

In conclusion,this study demonstrated that 3-week treatment with GW501516 increased running performance of both trained and untrained mice. Like training, GW501516 promoted mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and increased fat metabolism in muscle tissue (Summarized in Supplementary Fig. S4 online). However, exercise increased energy supply by promoting catabolism of protein, glycolysis and glucogenesis from amino acids, while GW501516 increased fatty acid oxidation through BCAA and ketone body pathways.

     
  Tampa team competes in NASA Cube Quest

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Science / Technology
Submission Date: 2016-09-12 22:01:05
Last Update: 2016-09-12 22:01:25
Views: 318
Score: 5.00 / 5.00 (Based on 1 votes.)
 
Credit: Marianne Galaris

Team Miles, a group of 12 citizen scientists that formed out of the Tampa Hackerspace, is competing in NASA’s first in-space Centennial Challenge: the Cube Quest Challenge.The mission at hand is to build a CubeSat that’s capable of advanced propulsion and communication in deep space, and of achieving lunar orbit. According to NASA, this marks the first time that private entities have had the chance “to compete to operate at the moon and beyond.”

NASA is offering three free payload slots on its Space Launch System rocket, which is scheduled to blast off on Orion’s first unmanned lunar flyby in 2018. The top three teams at the end of four preliminary ground tournaments will win the free slots, enabling them to compete with a larger pool of paying contestants in the lunar and deep space derbies. One free slot is worth about $2.5 million, and opens up the chance to win prizes for the in-space achievements. In total, NASA is promising $5.5 million in ground tournament and derby prizes.

     
  Drug Decriminalization in Portugal CATO Institute

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2016-07-16 06:10:31
Last Update: 2016-07-16 06:11:10
Views: 322
Score: 5.00 / 5.00 (Based on 1 votes.)
 
On July 1, 2001, a nationwide law in Portugal took effect that decriminalized all drugs, including cocaine and heroin. Under the new legal framework, all drugs were “decriminalized,” not “legalized.” Thus, drug possession for personal use and drug usage itself are still legally prohibited, but violations of those prohibitions are deemed to be exclusively administrative violations and are removed completely from the criminal realm. Drug trafficking continues to be prosecuted as a criminal offense.

While other states in the European Union have developed various forms of de facto decriminalization — whereby substances perceived to be less serious (such as cannabis) rarely lead to criminal prosecution — Portugal remains the only EU member state with a law explicitly declaring drugs to be “decriminalized.” Because more than seven years have now elapsed since enactment of Portugal’s decriminalization system, there are ample data enabling its effects to be assessed.

     
  Shop Infusion

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Other - Miscellaneous
Submission Date: 2016-03-21 17:43:13
Last Update: 2016-03-21 17:43:39
Views: 364
Score: (not yet rated)
 

     
  Politics & War (New Online Nation Simulator Game)

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Online Content - Web Games / Interactive
Submission Date: 2016-03-12 18:23:09
Views: 350
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Politics & War is a free to play browser based persistent mmo game where you create your own nation and rule it. Forced to make gruelling political decisions you are truly in charge in Politics & War. Play together with friends and strangers, pit your armies against each other and wage war, or work together cooperatively for mutual prosperity. In Politics & War you call the shots.

Politics & War is not your run-of-the-mill nation simulation game. Its dynamic mechanics and scenarios are always forcing you to think about each decision carefully before making the final call. Many variables come into play, such as your commerce rate, crime rate, pollution, and much more. You are truly in charge, you decide what the national flag is, what your economic and social policies are, and how you build your nation and interact with others. Construct great cities; build stadiums and subways and power plants. The options are limitless.

Start Playing
Signing up to play is free and it only takes a few minutes a day to manage your nation and its people. Invite your friends to play with you and earn rewards, band together with them and create a force to be reckoned with. It all starts with the click of a button.

Apply to join the Libertarian Anarchist Nexus (LAN) in-game to join us!.

     
  Brynhildr in the Darkness - Uncensored

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Movies / Television
Submission Date: 2015-12-19 19:43:17
Last Update: 2018-02-10 05:44:01
Views: 772
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Brynhildr in the Darkness (極黒のブリュンヒルデ Gokukoku no Buryunhirude?, lit. \"Extreme-Black Brynhildr\") is a science fiction Japanese manga series by Lynn Okamoto that began serialization in January 2012. A television anime adaptation by Arms began airing on April 6, 2014. It is based on Germanic mythology.

Lynn Okamoto is also the creator of Elfen Lied. Also much like Elfen Lied, it is 13 episodes long & an OVA has been released which takes place somewhere within the time span of episode 11. It also features girls being the subject of cruel experimentation; while also wielding great power the government seeks to control If you were a fan of Elfen Lied, you need to see this anime. With the uncensored version available, its the only way to watch it correctly.

Seed the torrent after you download to keep it alive for others.

     
  The Truth About M855 5.56 NATO Ammunition

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2015-09-15 11:18:18
Views: 527
Score: (not yet rated)
 
The Truth About M855 5.56 NATO Ammunition
By Nick Leghorn on March 3, 2015

The White House has said recently that banning “armor piercing” ammunition like the wildly popular M855 round is “common sense” and would make our police officers safer, which is a bold claim. Given the quality of journalism on display among the major networks these days, its no surprise that the facts of the matter have been muddled and obfuscated to the point where the details being presented bear little to no resemblance to the actual facts. Some hyperbole is expected, but in an age when the talking heads on TV start claiming that common rifles can shoot down airplanes and blow up railroads you know that fact checking isn’t high on the priority list. I wanted to take a minute and discuss the truth about the M855 round, what it is, what it does, and why it is being targeted.

When the M-16 was first fielded by the U.S. military, the ammunition that accompanied it was designated the M193 cartridge — a standard “ball” 5.56 round. The 55 grain projectile was of the same construction that had been used in similar projectiles for close to a century, namely a solid lead core surrounded by a copper jacket.

The original specifications for the M-16 rifle were that it needed to penetrate the steel helmet of an enemy soldier at a given distance, and while the lighter overall weight of the projectile reduced the penetration power of the projectile at long distance the designers of the ammunition compensated with increased velocity. Increased velocity meant increased muzzle energy, and provided the power to meet the specifications. That faster yet lighter bullet meant that the cartridges were lighter, and therefore the soldier on the field could carry more ammunition into battle than ever before. Even with the lighter projectile, that “armor piercing” capability was still maintained throughout the design process.

After the Vietnam war, there were some deficiencies that needed to be addressed. Soldiers in the field reported issues with the projectile when it penetrated glass or other intermediate barriers, and wanted a heavier projectile to aid in energy transfer to targets downrange (putting down enemy soldiers more efficiently). While the military did adopt a 77 grain lead projectile for long range shooting, they developed the M855 projectile specifically for hitting targets behind light barriers (like glass and tin and heavy clothing).

m855

The internal construction of an M855 round differs from the standard “ball” M193 cartridge in one very important way: there’s a steel core at the tip of the projectile. The solid steel tip added much needed stability to the projectile when traveling through barriers since there was no longer any soft lead to deform upon impact, and increased the stability and accuracy of the round when traveling over long distances due to the increased mass of the projectile.

There were still some major issues, though. As the barrel length of commonly used firearms continued to decrease, the velocity of the round when it exited the barrel decreased as well. The 5.56 NATO cartridge is highly dependent on velocity to generate the energy it transfers to targets, and lower velocity means a much lower muzzle energy. Some of the most recent studies indicate that with a common 16″ barrel, M855 ammunition has severely degraded performance past 150 yards and is only effective to about 500 meters (versus the 600 meters at which it was designed to penetrate a steel helmet with a standard M-16).

Another issue was the lack of expansion. The lead core in normal “ball” ammunition expands upon impact, which increases the diameter of the projectile and aids in transferring energy from the moving projectile to the target. The more energy is transferred, the greater the wound in the target and the more likely it is to stop that target. Using a steel tip meant that the bullets no longer deformed, and therefore the energy transferred to the target was less than with “ball” 5.56. In other words, the M855 ammunition is actually considered to be less effective against living targets than “ball” 55 grain 5.56 ammo. Or, put another way, standard lead ammunition is considered more deadly than M855.

Wile the Army has moved on to an improved version of the M855 projectile, the cartridge has become popular with long range shooters and hunters. Especially for those hunting hogs in the thick brush of the American south, the M855 cartridge has proven to be capable of accurately and effectively hitting a target even after passing through a couple layers of leaves and underbrush. Its also popular among helicopter hog depredation expeditions for the same reason: it punches through the trees and hits the target. And since the cartridge was developed and produced for the military, a massive quantity of the ammunition is produced every year which leads to low prices for recreational shooters looking for a cheap way to feed their firearms. In short, what was once a “military” round has transitioned very well to civilian life.

In recent days, the projectile has come under increased scrutiny as the ATF prepares to ban it based on the existing prohibition on “Armor Piercing” ammunition. As for what exactly constitutes “armor piercing” ammunition, there is a very specific legal definition that is being used. The following is directly from 18 U.S. Code § 921:

(17)
(A) The term “ammunition” means ammunition or cartridge cases, primers, bullets, or propellent powder designed for use in any firearm.
(B) The term “armor piercing ammunition” means—
(i) a projectile or projectile core which may be used in a handgun and which is constructed entirely (excluding the presence of traces of other substances) from one or a combination of tungsten alloys, steel, iron, brass, bronze, beryllium copper, or depleted uranium; or
(ii) a full jacketed projectile larger than .22 caliber designed and intended for use in a handgun and whose jacket has a weight of more than 25 percent of the total weight of the projectile.
(C) The term “armor piercing ammunition” does not include shotgun shot required by Federal or State environmental or game regulations for hunting purposes, a frangible projectile designed for target shooting, a projectile which the Attorney General finds is primarily intended to be used for sporting purposes, or any other projectile or projectile core which the Attorney General finds is intended to be used for industrial purposes, including a charge used in an oil and gas well perforating device.

What is important to note is that the defining feature of “armor piercing” ammunition is not the actual function of the projectile, but instead the construction. It is possible to construct a cartridge using an “armor piercing” projectile that can’t even pierce skin, but if the construction meets the above criteria then it is illegal.

SIG_SAUER_SIGTac_SB15_Pistol_Stabilizing_Brace_on_SIG_MCX_Tactical_Piston_AR_Carbine_SBR_Nick_Leghorn_The_Truth_About_Guns_TTAG_at_SIG_SAUER_Headquarters_New_Media_Writers_Event_2014_David_Crane_DefenseReview.com_DR_1

What has made this change in regulation possible is the prevalence of the AR-15 pistol. Brought to astounding levels of popularity in recent years by the pistol stabilizing brace, the AR-15 pistol is legally a handgun as far as the U.S. government is concerned, and therefore 5.56 ammunition has become by default “projectile […] which may be used in a handgun.” As such, 5.56 NATO ammunition is now subject to regulation under 18 U.S. Code § 921(17)(B).

Technically, M855 ammunition fails to meet the criteria for an “armor piercing” projectile. The requirement of the law is that the projectile be comprised entirely of steel (with trace elements allowed) in order to be classified as “armor piercing,” but as you can see nearly 80% of the mass of the M855 projectile is comprised of standard lead — not steel. However, due to the imprecise wording of the statute it is possible for the ATF and the Attorney General to interpret the law in such a way that M855 meets the required criteria.

This kind of move has been made before. The government classified cheap and commonly available steel core 7.62×39 ammunition as “armor piercing” and banned it from the United States in 1992, as well as 7N6 5.45×39 ammunition only last year. The reasons were the same: with the increase in pistol versions of the AK-47 and AK-74 rifle being produced, the ammunition was now technically a handgun caliber and the broad interpretation of the statute allowed them to take action against those specific projectiles.



The current claim by the White House that M855 ammunition is especially and specifically dangerous due to its “armor piercing” capabilities is, in a word, laughable. The fact is that standard 5.56 ammunition — “ball” ammunition with a traditional lead core — can pierce a “bullet proof” vest just as easily as M855, a fact we have conclusively proven through our own testing. So can commonly available .308 Winchester ammunition, one of the most popular “hunting” cartridges in the world. So can .30-06 Springfield, the “traditional” hunting cartridge in the United States. In fact, almost every full-size and even every intermediate rifle caliber is perfectly capable of piercing the bullet proof vest worn by police officers. The idea that removing this one single projectile from circulation will reduce the lethality of firearms in the United States is quite literally insane.

Let’s look at this from another perspective. According to commonly accepted research, fewer than 2% of crimes are committed with “assault weapons,” including the AR-15 rifle (and pistol variants) that accept this caliber. Note that the most commonly available 5.56 ammunition is 55 grain “ball” ammo and not M855, so even if every single one of those crimes was committed with an AR-15 (which they were not) the probability of M855 ammunition being used in the gun is even smaller than 2%. Even if M855 ammunition was banned, standard “ball” M193 ammunition fails to meet the definition of an “armor piercing” round and therefore is exempt from any possible ban. M193 is plentiful, and available at almost every Wal-Mart in America. Removing M855 ammunition would require a vast amount of effort on the part of the government to implement the ban, impact less than 2% of crimes, and do exactly nothing to remove ammunition that is capable of piercing a “bullet proof” vest from the market. In short, you might as well call whoever is championing this ban “Sisyphus.”

The truth is that, despite the composition of the projectile, M855 ammunition is no greater a threat than any other standard “ball” projectile — traditional hunting rounds included. The 5.56 cartridge has been implicated in far fewer than 2% of crimes in the United States (and M855 in fewer still), and even if it were removed from circulation the remaining millions upon millions of 100% legal projectiles would be able to perform the same function nearly as well. In addition, the projectile has found a legitimate sporting purpose among hunters and sportsmen that the Attorney General has refused to acknowledge. However, due to the lack of any movement on any other front on the issue of gun control, it appears that M855 ammunition has become an unfortunate casualty of a political agenda hell-bent on doing as much damage to American gun owners as possible before leaving office.

     
  Terms and Conditions May Apply

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2015-05-16 13:35:02
Last Update: 2015-05-16 14:24:17
Views: 503
Score: (not yet rated)
 
2015

     
  The Hacker Wars - Anonymous Documentary 2015

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2015-05-16 08:54:32
Last Update: 2015-06-16 08:04:06
Views: 487
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Published on Apr 22, 2015
Ripped from international headlines, The Hacker Wars takes you to the front lines of the high-stakes battle over the fate of the Internet, freedom and privacy. The Hacker Wars tells the tales of the anarchic troll provocateur Andrew “weev” Aurenheimer, prodigy hacker hero Jeremy Hammond, and incendiary watchdog journalist Barrett Brown — three larger than life characters whose separate quests to expose the secrets of empire hurled them into a fateful collision course with shadowy corporations, the FBI, and ultimate betrayal by one of their own.

Featuring interviews with Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Glenn Greenwald, Pulitzer Prize winning journalist Chris Hedges, NSA whistleblower Thomas Drake, The Hacker Wars traces the steps that led from the Internet’s murkiest corners to the heavy shadow of censorship and a century’s worth of prison time.

Internationally acclaimed filmmaker Vivien Lesnik Weisman melds her distinctively subversively bent style with the real life stories of the cyberpunk vanguards who blur the line between hacking and activism. Locked in a murky conflict against world governments, these so-called hacktivists are waging a life-or-death struggle for the freedom of public information and the defense of privacy under siege.

     
  Coluracetam

Submitter: Nexus
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Health / Medical
Submission Date: 2015-01-23 05:11:44
Views: 591
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Coluracetam decision, research and reviews.

     
  http://www.weisersecurity.com/

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Other - Miscellaneous
Submission Date: 2015-01-16 04:54:23
Last Update: 2015-01-16 06:22:29
Views: 554
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Hitrring officers and accepting new clients now.

     
  Open-label, single-dose pharmacokinetic profile

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Health / Medical
Submission Date: 2015-01-04 04:20:10
Views: 499
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Open-label, single-dose pharmacokinetic study of modafinil tablets: influence of age



     
  The Interview Torrent Released

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Movies / Television
Submission Date: 2014-12-26 17:50:35
Last Update: 2014-12-27 05:09:43
Views: 609
Score: (not yet rated)
 
IMDB : http://www.imdb.com/title/tt2788710/

Plot : Dave Skylark and producer Aaron Rapoport run the celebrity tabloid show
Skylark Tonight. When they land an interview with a surprise fan, North
Korean dictator Kim Jong-un, they are recruited by the CIA to turn their trip to
Pyongyang into an assassination mission

Directors: Evan Goldberg, Seth Rogen
Writers: Dan Sterling (screenplay), Seth Rogen (story)
Stars: James Franco, Seth Rogen, Randall Park
Genres: Action | Comedy

Format : MKV @ 1 707 Kbps
Size : 1.34 GiB
Length : 1h 52mn
Type : WEBRip
Source : 1080p WEB-DL x264 AAC MerryXmas

Video : x264 - High@L3.1 @ 1 690 Kbps
Info : 1280 x 528 (2.40:1) @ 23.976 fps

Audio : ACC @ 32 Kbps
Info : 2 channels, 48.0 KHz
Language : English

The unexpected release of The Interview is making headlines around the world, but for now only people inside the U.S. can see the film. Perhaps unsurprisingly, 200,000 people have already circumvented this restriction by turning to torrent sites where the film appeared just an hour after its official release. Even The Pirate Bay joined in and started pointing people to the movie as well.

theinterviewFacing a “terrorist” threat theaters all around the U.S. backed away from showing The Interview last week.

Sony Pictures was left with no other option than to find online platforms to show the controversial movie to a broad audience during the holidays, and they eventually did.

Yesterday afternoon news broke that the film was available for streaming on YouTube, Google Play and Xbox Live. A group of hackers shouldn’t be able to chill freedom of speech, Sony and Google reasoned.

“…after discussing all the issues, Sony and Google agreed that we could not sit on the sidelines and allow a handful of people to determine the limits of free speech in another country,” Google’s Chief Legal Officer David Drummond commented.

Unfortunately, however, this free speech can only be heard by the U.S. public for now. People outside of the States will have to wait for weeks or months to see a film that was “trending” worldwide on Christmas eve.

And that’s where another group of self proclaimed freedom fighters come in.

Shortly after the first stream was made public various pirated copies quickly started to populate torrent sites and other sharing platforms.

theinterview
Even The Pirate Bay jumped in by adding the hash of one of The Interview’s torrents to the top left corner of it’s site, linking it to a Google search. In addition, the site added a cartoon picture of North Korea’s leader Kim Jong-un.

With The Interview making headlines for several weeks, it’s clear there’s a massive interest in the film. This is reflected download statistics too.

Data collected by TorrentFreak shows that The Interview was downloaded an estimated 200.000 times though BitTorrent during the first 10 hours it was available, and this number is still growing rapidly.

Browsing through the commentary on various torrent sites we see that restricted availability is a common topic.

“Just signed up to say Thanks, since it was not released outside of US when it should be all at the same time. Will now be finally able to watch this,” one downloader told his peers.

     
  Limitless Anime Gallery

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Online Content - Art
Submission Date: 2014-09-08 01:28:58
Views: 564
Score: (not yet rated)
 

     
  US Police Have Killed 5,000+ Civilians Since 9/11

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: News / Articles - Government / Politics
Submission Date: 2014-08-17 16:40:52
Last Update: 2014-08-17 16:42:17
Views: 715
Score: 5.00 / 5.00 (Based on 1 votes.)
 
US Police Have Killed Over 5,000 Civilians Since 9/11
Statistically speaking, Americans should be more fearful of the local cops than “terrorists.”
By Katie Rucke @katierucke | November 6, 2013

Though Americans commonly believe law enforcements role in society is to protect them and ensure peace and stability within the community, the sad reality is that police departments are often more focused on enforcing laws, making arrests and issuing citations. As a result of this as well as an increase in militarized policing techniques, Americans are eight times more likely to be killed by a police officer than by a terrorist, estimates a Washington’s Blog report based on official statistical data.

Though the U.S. government does not have a database collecting information about the total number of police involved shootings each year, it’s estimated that between 500 and 1,000 Americans are killed by police officers each year. Since 9/11, about 5,000 Americans have been killed by U.S. police officers, which is almost equivalent to the number of U.S. soldiers who have been killed in the line of duty in Iraq.

Because individual police departments are not required to submit information regarding the use of deadly force by its officers, some bloggers have taken it upon themselves to aggregate that data. Wikipedia also has a list of “justifiable homicides” in the U.S., which was created by documenting publicized deaths.

Mike Prysner, one of the local directors of the Los Angeles chapter for ANSWER — an advocacy group that asks the public to Act Now to Stop War and End Racism — told Mint Press News earlier this year that the “epidemic” of police harassment and violence is a nationwide issue.

He said groups like ANSWER are trying to hold officers accountable for abuse of power. “[Police brutality] has been an issue for a very long time,” Prysner said, explaining that in May, 13 people were killed in Southern California by police.

As Mint Press News previously reported, each year there are thousands of claims of police misconduct. According to the CATO Institute’s National Police Misconduct Reporting Project, in 2010 there were 4,861 unique reports of police misconduct involving 6,613 sworn officers and 6,826 alleged victims.

Most of those allegations of police brutality involved officers who punched or hit victims with batons, but about one-quarter of the reported cases involved firearms or stun guns.

Racist policing
A big element in the police killings, Prysner says, is racism. “A big majority of those killed are Latinos and Black people,” while the police officers are mostly White, he said. “It’s a badge of honor to shoot gang members so [the police] go out and shoot people who look like gang members,” Prysner argued, giving the example of 34-year-old Rigoberto Arceo, who was killed by police on May 11.

According to a report from the Los Angeles Times, Arceo, who was a biomedical technician at St. Francis Medical Center, was shot and killed after getting out of his sister’s van. The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department says Arceo “advanced on the deputy and attempted to take the deputy’s gun.” However, Arceo’s sister and 53-year-old Armando Garcia — who was barbecuing in his yard when the incident happened — say that Arceo had his hands above his head the entire time.

Prysner is not alone in his assertion that race is a major factor in officer-related violence. This past May, a study from the the Malcolm X Grassroots Movement, an anti-racist activist organization, found that police officers, security guards or self-appointed vigilantes killed at least 313 Black people in 2012 — meaning one Black person was killed in the U.S. by law enforcement roughly every 28 hours.

Prysner said the relationship between police departments and community members needs to change and that when police shoot an unarmed person with their arms in the air over their head, the officer should be punished.

Culture of misconduct
“You cannot have a police force that is investigating and punishing itself,” Prysner said, adding that taxpayer money should be invested into the community instead of given to police to buy more guns, assault rifles and body armor.

Dissatisfied with police departments’ internal review policies, some citizens have formed volunteer police watch groups to prevent the so-called “Blue Code of Silence” effect and encourage police officers to speak out against misconduct occurring within their department.

As Mint Press News previously reported, a report released earlier this year found that of the 439 cases of police misconduct that then had been brought before the Minneapolis’s year-old misconduct review board, not one of the police officers involved has been disciplined.

Although the city of Minneapolis spent $14 million in payouts for alleged police misconduct between 2006 and 2012, despite the fact that the Minneapolis Police Department often concluded that the officers involved in those cases did nothing wrong.

Other departments have begun banning equipment such as Tasers, but those decisions were likely more about protecting the individual departments from lawsuits than ensuring that officers are not equipped with weapons that cause serious and sometimes fatal injuries when used.

To ensure officers are properly educated on how to use their weapons and are aware of police ethics, conflict resolution and varying cultures within a community, police departments have historically held training programs for all officers. But due to tighter budgets and a shift in priorities, many departments have not provided the proper continuing education training programs for their officers.

Charles Ramsey, president of both the Major Cities Chiefs Association and the Police Executive Research Forum, called that a big mistake, explaining that it is essential officers are trained and prepared for high-stress situations:

“Not everybody is going to be able to make those kinds of good decisions under pressure, but I do think that the more reality-based training that we provide, the more we put people in stressful situations to make them respond and make them react.”



GI Joe replaces Carl Winslow
In order to help local police officers protect themselves while fighting the largely unsuccessful War on Drugs, the federal government passed legislation in 1994 allowing the Pentagon to donate surplus military equipment from the Cold War to local police departments. Meaning that “weaponry designed for use on a foreign battlefield has been handed over for use on American streets … against American citizens.”

So while the U.S. military fights the War on Terror abroad, local police departments are fighting another war at home with some of the same equipment as U.S. troops, and protocol that largely favors officers in such tactics as no-knock raids.

Radley Balko, author of “Rise of the Warrior Cop,” wrote in the Wall Street Journal in August:

“Since the 1960s, in response to a range of perceived threats, law-enforcement agencies across the U.S., at every level of government, have been blurring the line between police officer and soldier.

“Driven by martial rhetoric and the availability of military-style equipment—from bayonets and M-16 rifles to armored personnel carriers—American police forces have often adopted a mind-set previously reserved for the battlefield. The war on drugs and, more recently, post-9/11 antiterrorism efforts have created a new figure on the U.S. scene: the warrior cop—armed to the teeth, ready to deal harshly with targeted wrongdoers, and a growing threat to familiar American liberties.”

As Mint Press News previously reported, statistics from an FBI report released in September reveal that a person is arrested on marijuana-related charges in the U.S. every 48 seconds, on average — most were for simple possession charges.

According to the FBI’s report, there were more arrests for marijuana possession than for the violent crimes of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault — 658,231 compared with 521,196 arrests.

While groups that advocate against police brutality recognize and believe that law enforcement officials should be protected while on duty, many say that local police officers do not need to wear body armor, Kevlar helmets and tactical equipment vests — all while carrying assault weapons.

“We want the police to keep up with the latest technology. That’s critical,” American Civil Liberties Union senior counsel Kara Dansky said. “But policing should be about protection, not combat.”

According to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund, there are more than 900,000 sworn law enforcement officers in the United States. In 2012, 120 officers were killed in the line of duty. The deadliest day in law enforcement history was reportedly Sept. 11, 2001, when 72 officers were killed.

Despite far fewer officers dying in the line of duty compared with American citizens, police departments are not only increasing their use of protective and highly volatile gear, but are increasingly setting aside a portion of their budget to invest in new technology such as drones, night vision goggles, remote robots, surveillance cameras, license plate readers and armored vehicles that amount to unarmed tanks.

Though some officers are on board with the increased militarization and attend conferences such as the annual Urban Shield event, others have expressed concern with the direction the profession is heading.

For example, former Arizona police officer Jon W. McBride said police concerns about being “outgunned” were likely a “self-fulfilling prophecy.” He added that “if not expressly prohibited, police managers will continually push the arms race,” because “their professional literature is predominately [sic] based on the acquiring and use of newer weapons and more aggressive techniques to physically overwhelm the public. In many cases, however, this is the opposite of smart policing.”

“Coupled with the paramilitary design of the police bureaucracy itself, the police give in to what is already a serious problem in the ranks: the belief that the increasing use of power against a citizen is always justified no matter the violation. The police don’t understand that in many instances they are the cause of the escalation and bear more responsibility during an adverse outcome.

“The suspects I encountered as a former police officer and federal agent in nearly all cases granted permission for me to search their property when asked, often despite unconcealed contraband. Now, instead of making a simple request of a violator, many in law enforcement seem to take a more difficult and confrontational path, fearing personal risk. In many circumstances they inflame the citizens they are engaging, thereby needlessly putting themselves in real and increased jeopardy.”

Another former police officer who wished to remain anonymous agreed with McBride and told Balko,

“American policing really needs to return to a more traditional role of cops keeping the peace; getting out of police cars, talking to people, and not being prone to overreaction with the use of firearms, tasers, or pepper spray. … Don’t get me wrong, I’ve been in more than my share tussles and certainly appreciate the dangers of police work, but as Joseph Wambaugh famously said, the real danger is psychological, not physical.”

     
  BakaBT - High Quality Anime Bittorrent Tracker

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Downloads - Miscellaneous
Submission Date: 2014-08-05 01:21:55
Views: 634
Score: (not yet rated)
 
What makes BakaBT different?

There are many anime torrent sites but BakaBT is unique in the quality of our content. Our goal is to provide torrents only for completed anime or anime-related material and we pick only the best versions. We do not accept public submissions; only Power Users and Power Uploaders may do so.
All submissions are thoroughly checked before they are added to our ever-growing list of series; by ever-growing, we really mean ever-growing in the sense that even old torrents are still seeded. Our mantra in short: quality over quantity, and ease-of-use.

     
  Torrentbit - Bittorrent Tracker

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Downloads - Miscellaneous
Submission Date: 2014-08-05 01:15:04
Last Update: 2014-08-05 10:08:16
Views: 537
Score: (not yet rated)
 

     
  S2 Institute - Safety & Intelligence Institute

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Guides / Tutorials - Miscellaneous
Submission Date: 2014-07-24 13:20:23
Last Update: 2014-08-04 14:35:53
Views: 635
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Since 1998, the S2 Safety & Intelligence Institute has trained thousands of security, intelligence, and law enforcement professionals in critical public safety topics. With a staff of world-class instructors, S2 has earned a reputation as one of the premier sources for security and public safety training.

S2 Institute Tampa
7402 N. 56th Street
Building 800, Suite 835
Tampa, FL 33617
Tel. (813) 227-8585
Florida License: DS9800005

S2 Institute Tampa offers many high-quality security and law enforcement courses , including:

Basic Security Officer Course
(Class D License Training, Full 40-Hour Class)
Armed Security Officer Course
(Class G License Training)
Class G Annual Requalification

     
  Anime Source - New Releases

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Online Content - Videos
Submission Date: 2014-07-24 06:26:10
Last Update: 2014-08-15 03:47:25
Views: 668
Score: (not yet rated)
 
Welcome to the new releases section by Anime-Source.Com. This list is being updated several times a day by a skilled team of dedicated admins. Feel free to submit your new releases to us.

Also take note that when multiple groups work on the same series, the first one with the episode out will be bolded.

Most NEW SERIES will not have reviews written for them because we encourage people to write a review only after they have seen the whole series. We keep new series discussion in the Current Series & Movies forum. Please go there if you need opinions on new anime series.

You can now submit torrents by going to the anime in the reviews database!

Functions: [Search Torrents] [What is BitTorrent(BT)?] [Fansub Groups] [How to Submit Torrents]

     
  Cybernations - MMO Online Nation Simulator

Submitter: [anonymous]
Category: Online Content - Web Games / Interactive
Submission Date: 2014-07-23 12:20:09
Last Update: 2016-02-20 13:12:47
Views: 613
Score: 5.00 / 5.00 (Based on 1 votes.)
 
Cyber Nations is a free browser-based nation simulation game. Create a nation and decide how you will rule your people by choosing a government type, a national religion, tax rate and more. Build your nation according to your choosing by purchasing infrastructure to support your citizens, land to expand your borders, technology to increase your effectiveness, and military to defend your national interests.

Join the LImitless Nexus Alliance in-game to expand our allaince.